Dandruff can be treated with home remedies, but there are also a large number of shampoos and lotions available to help us combat it.
The options are so varied that choosing one will always depend on your preferences and budget. However, it is important to understand how dandruff develops and how products that promise to eliminate it work.
50% of the world’s population has suffered from dandruff at some point in their life. The cause of this disease lies in the combination of various factors that, when synchronized, degenerate into this disease.
These three factors are:
- The presence of the microbe Malassezia globosa on the scalp of all people
- Do you have a particularly sensitive scalp?
- And the presence of sebum (or fat) in the body.
When the Malassezia microbe feeds on the body’s natural fat, it creates sebum. which in turn degrades and produces oleic acid. And your scalp is sensitive to this acid. It tends to get irritated, red, and itchy.
This irritation sends a signal to the brain to regenerate the cells of the scalp at a faster than normal rate. In the “molt,” the cells shed and this causes the flakes known as scales. It is actually a defense mechanism in the body by eliminating the active ingredient that is affecting it.
Elements like the age of the people, a rise in the ambient temperature, or high levels of stress can make the problem worse by creating conditions that encourage the greatest activity of Malassezia on your scalp.
As mentioned earlier, dandruff exhibits several symptoms, of which flaking is the most alarming. But there are also other signs:
- Dry scalp
The most important thing about an anti-dandruff shampoo is that it contains active ingredients that can fight the microbe that causes it. If Malassezia is not eradicated, the dandruff cycle will inevitably continue.
Some of these ingredients that you can check on the packaging of an anti-dandruff shampoo are: selenium sulfide, tar, salicylic acid, zinc pyrithione, or ketoconazole.
All other symptoms: irritation, itching, bad smell can be attacked with various products that have the nutritional capacities and flavors of your choice. In fact, anti-dandruff shampoos have come a long way and no longer have those metallic flavors or dry texture like they did in the past. However, if you prefer, you can combine its use with other chemical or natural products.
You may need to try some of the options, or even switch between them, to see which one works best for you.